Mt. Makalu is well known to people interested in mountaineering, as it is the fifth highest mountain peak in the world. Mt. Makalu is situated in the heart of eastern Himalayas just around 14 miles east of Mt. Everest. The first attempt on Mt. Makalu was in 1954 by a US team from California, who trekked all the way from the Indian border near Biratnagar. Mt. Makalu was first ascended by a French team in 1955.
The Mt. Makalu Expedition is one of the adventurous route to climb. The Mountain is surrounded by deep valleys like Arun and Barun. Barun valley is home to pristine forests and alpine meadows of Nepal. Within this wide range of altitudes and climates, the Makalu-Barun area contains some of the richest and most diverse flora and fauna of Nepal. Diverse ethnic communities of Rai, Sherpa, and Shingsawa (Bhotia) have inhibited the lower parts of these valleys.