Lhotse is the fourth Highest Mountain in the world & third highest mountain of Nepal Himalaya. The altitude of Lhotse is 8,516 meters (27,940 feet). It lies about 3 km south of Mount Everest, separated by the after camp three & before South Col. In fact, Lhotse means South Face. Three peaks that make up the Lhotse massif are: Lhotse East or middle, Lhotse Shar and Lhotse. Immediately south of Mount Everest lies the long east-west crest and the summits of the two mountains are connected by the South Col. South Face of Lhotse is the most technical face of Lhotse. The Lhotse South Face is also one of the largest mountain faces in the world. The section during the climb, which has been unanimously declared the most dangerous Adventure, is the Khumbu Icefall. Both Mt Everest and Lhotse share the same base camp camp-1 & camp -2. In fact, Lhotse is a part of Everest massif itself. However, Lhotse is considered to be an independent mountain.
The Main Ascent of Lhotse was successfully done in May 1956 by a Swiss Expedition Team. The first attempt to conquer mount Lhotse was made by an international team in 1955. One member of the party was Erwin Schneider, who began to work on the first of the series of high-quality “Schneider maps of the Everest region” during the expedition. The previous Swiss party who made the second ascent of Everest in 1956 made the first ascent to mount Lhotse from a camp just below the South Col. Mount Lhotse Shar was first successfully conquered by an Austrian expedition in 1970. Later Japanese, South Koreans, and Germans attempted from other routes to reach its main peak. Some Polish and Italians also successfully climbed the peak before the summit was conquered again by German expeditions in 1977.