Elevation: 8,848 m from sea level
First ascent: May 29, 1953 AD
First ascenders: Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Sir Edmund Hillary
Mountain range: Himalayas, Mahalangur Himal
Location: (27°59’ North latitude, 86°55’ East longitudes) in the southern part of Asia
Mount Everest is the highest mountain on Earth. Located in the home location of Everest is the Mahalangur Himalayan range of the Great Himalayas. It arises exactly on the borderline of Nepal and Tibet (27°59’ North latitude, 86°55’ East longitudes) in the southern part of Asia.
After four long and arduous years of unscrambling mathematical data, Radhanath Sickdhar managed to find out the height of Peak Fifteen, an icy peak in the Himalayas between Tibet – Nepal border. It was discovered as the world’s highest mountain in 1856 by the Survey Department of the Government of India.
The mountains like other high peaks in the region, she is revered different names. It collects the most common Sherpa name “Chomolungma” which means “Goddess Mother of the World” or “Goddess of the Valley.” The Nepali name is “Sagarmatha” which means “Peak of Heaven.” Later christened named “Mount Everest” after Sir George Everest, the surveyor-general of India – stood at 29,002 feet (8,840 meters). Its peak is 8,848 meters (29,029 ft.) above the sea level. In 2005, China remeasured is and got a result of 8844.43 m of between ice camp and rock level.
There are more challenging mountains that are a better experience. But it’s a trophy. Why did you want to climb Mount Everest? British mountaineer George Mallory, who died on the mountain during his third expedition there in 1924, famously answered, “Because it’s there”|.
Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund Hillary with ten expeditions over a period of thirty years failed to conquer Everest, with 13 losing their lives. Later, on May 29, 1953, Tenzing Norgay Sherpa, an acclaimed Sherpa climber and Edmund Hillary, a New Zealand beekeeper became the first to reach the roof of the world. They are the first climbers to reach the summit of Mount Everest. They were part of the ninth British expedition to Everest, led by John Hunt. Time magazine named Hillary as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.
Sedimentary layers form most of Everest. The sedimentary rock layers found on Mount Everest are limestone, marble, shale, and pelite. They form layers of rock formations; below them are older rocks including granite, pegmatite intrusions, and gneiss, a metamorphic rock.
Sherpas are Nepalese ethnic groups of the Himalayan regions. They are known for their climbing skills and superior strength and endurance at high altitudes. Perhaps the most famous Sherpa is Tenzing Norgay Sherpa, who was one of the first men to reach on the roof of the Earth.
They are highly skilled and experienced climbers. They quickly acclimatize their body to the high altitude. They use their skills to prepare the route for foreign climbers, fix ropes in place, and carry the necessary climbing kit up the mountain for a successful ascent. Climbing Everest is tough and being a Sherpa is a really risky job.
Altitude of camps:-
Base Camp – 5,300 to 5500m
Camp 1 – 6,098m
Camp 2 – 6,400 to 6500m
Camp 3 – 7,300 to 7,500m
Camp 4 – 7970 m